Marriage is currently being redefined, studied, and contested perhaps more than ever before in history. Both sacred and secular perspectives of marriage appear to be caught up in controversies within the church and the courts that will continue for quite some time. Over the last five years, the definition, authorization, and benefits of marriage have been heavily debated, dividing both clergy and legislators. Who would have guessed fifty years ago that something as basic to society as marriage would have become one of the hot topics of the 21st century? Published in Emmanuel Research Review, Issue 36, March, 2008.